Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease

A group of diseases that makes it difficult to breathe. They include emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

Dr. Geni Abraham


Typically, it is common in smokers. 90% of cases are as a result of smoking. Other causes are occupation related exposures such as fumes, dust, asbestos etc.

Among smokers, 20% develop COPD. So, the best way to prevent COPD is not to smoke.

5% of patients with COPD is because of a genetic disorder called alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and they smoked.

Dr. Geni Abraham

Signs and Symptoms :

Increasing shortness of breath with simple activity, chronic cough, wheezing are the most common symptoms. Fatigue or lack of energy, leg swelling, frequent upper respiratory infections. If you have these symptoms it is most important that you see your doctor for an evaluation and proper diagnosis.

Dr. Geni Abraham

Prevention: avoidance of smoking is the best way to prevent COPD

If you work in an environment that exposes you to fumes, dust etc. then proper protective measures such as masks are very important to use. Also, those who smoke and work in this environment has an increased likelihood of developing COPD.

Dr. Geni Abraham


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